This gene was identified by TADA (transmission and de novo association) analysis of a combined dataset from the Simons Simplex Collection (SSC) and the Autism Sequencing Consortium (ASC) as a gene strongly enriched for variants likely to affect ASD risk with a false discovery rate (FDR) of <0.1 (Sanders et al., 2015); among the variants identified in this gene was one de novo loss-of-function (LoF) variant.
This gene encodes a member of the frizzled-related protein family. The encoded protein plays an important role in eye development and mutations in this gene have been associated with nanophthalmos, posterior microphthalmia, retinitis pigmentosa, foveoschisis, and optic disc drusen.
Type of Disorder
Insights into Autism Spectrum Disorder Genomic Architecture and Biology from 71 Risk Loci.