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3p26.3-p26.2CNV Type: Duplication


Largest CNV size: 2400000 bp

Statistics Box:
Number of Reports: 11



Summary Information

Summary statement in development

Additional Locus Information

Genome browsers

USCS Symbol             NCBI Symbol

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            Decipher Symbol

References

Major Reports

Title
Author, Year
Report Class
CNV Type
An evidence-based approach to establish the functional and clinical significance of copy number variants in intellectual and developmental disabili...
Deletion-Duplication
Disruption of Contactin 4 in two subjects with autism in Chinese population.
Duplication
Whole genome sequencing resource identifies 18 new candidate genes for autism spectrum disorder.
Duplication
Genome-wide copy number variation analysis in a Chinese autism spectrum disorder cohort.
Duplication
NA
Duplication

Minor Reports

Title
Author, Year
Report Class
CNV Type
Deletions in 16q24.2 are associated with autism spectrum disorder, intellectual disability and congenital renal malformation.
Duplication
Identification of small exonic CNV from whole-exome sequence data and application to autism spectrum disorder.
Duplication
Genome-wide analysis of copy number variations identifies PARK2 as a candidate gene for autism spectrum disorder.
Duplication
Rare Inherited and De Novo CNVs Reveal Complex Contributions to ASD Risk in Multiplex Families.
Deletion-Duplication
Chromosomal microarray in clinical diagnosis: a study of 337 patients with congenital anomalies and developmental delays or intellectual disability.
Duplication
Exome sequencing of 457 autism families recruited online provides evidence for autism risk genes.
Duplication

Cases

Cohort ID
Author, Year
Descripton
Cohort Size
Diagnosis
Age
Gender
CNV Size
Deletion
Duplication
Total CNV's
 feliciano_19_ASD_discovery_cases
 ASD probands from 457 families (418 simplex, 39 multiplex) from the SPARK cohort
 465
 All cases diagnosed with ASD
 Range of age at enrollment, 1.544.6 years
 80.86% Male
 1680137
 0
 1
 1
 guo_12_ASD_discovery_cases
 Autistic probands recruited from the Outpatient Department of Mental Health Institute at the Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University, Changsha, China
 2
 Diagnosis of autism by experienced psychiatrists according to DSM-IV-TR criteria for autism and assessed by neurological evaluations, mental status examinations, Childhood Autism Rating Scale (CARS), and chromosomal karyotype analysis.
 Range, 6-7 yrs.
 Male
 2400000
 0
 1
 1
 guo_17_ASD_discovery_cases
 ASD subjects (with 343 trios) screened for rare, large (>1 Mb) CNVs
 546
 Diagnosis of ASD based on DSM-IV-TR criteria
 Mean, 5.065 years
 N/A
 2402592
 0
 1
 1
 handrigan_13_ASD/DD/ID_discovery_cases
 Patients with 16q24.2 deletions recruited at the University of Alberta, Edmonton, the Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Signature Genomic Laboratories, and the Mayo Clinic).
 35
 22 patients with ASD (19 with pervasive developmental delay/PDD, 3 with autism), 3 patients with intellectual disability (defined as IQ<70 by DSM-IV); 11 patients with facial dysmorphisms.
 Range, 0 mos.-20 yrs.
 48.57% Male
 929374
 0
 1
 1
 kaminsky_11_DD/ID/ASD_discovery_cases
 Cases from the International Standards for Cytogenomic Arrays (ISCA) consortium
 15749
 Unexplained developmental delay, intellectual disability, dysmorphic features, multiple congenital anomalies, autism spectrum disorders, or clinical features suggestive of a chromosomal syndrome
 NA
 NA
 4644944
 2
 2
 4
 leppa_16_ASD_discovery_cases
 Children affected with ASD from 1,464 families from the Autism Genetic Resource Exchange (AGRE)
 1764
 Diagnosis according to ADOS and ADI-R
 N/A
 N/A
 900000
 1
 1
 2
 poultney_13_ASD_discovery_cases
 ASD cases of European ancestry from AGRE retained after filtering (original cohort size of 432 cases)
 299
 Cases diagnosed with ASD
 N/A
 79.86% Male (before filtering)
 331506
 0
 1
 1
 sansovic_17_DD/ID/ASD_discovery_cases
 Unrelated patients from Croatia referred to the Department of Medical Genetics and Reproductive Health, Children's Hospital Zagreb, University of Zagreb School of Medicine
 337
 Cases diagnosed by clinical geneticists or pediatricians to have developmental delay/intellectual disability (DD/ID), ASD, congenital anomalies, or a combination of those features
 Mean, 7 years (range, 1 month-25 years)
 N/A
 506000
 0
 1
 1
 yin_16_ASD_discovery_cases
 Discovery cohort of ASD cases recruited from the Department of Psychiatry of National Taiwan University Hospital (NTUH), Chang Gung Memorial Hospital (CGMH), Taoyuan, and Taoyuan Mental Hospital (TMH), Taiwan.
 335
 Cases diagnosed with autistic disorder according to DSM-IV and confirmed by using the Chinese version of ADI-R. Cases' autistic behaviors assessed by Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS), and cognitive functions assessed by the Weschler Intelligence Scale for Children-Third Edition (WISC-III) and the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST).
 Mean, 9.39 4.04 yrs.
 89.3% Male
 106640
 0
 1
 1
 yuen_17_ASD_discovery_cases
 ASD genomes (1745 ASD probands, 879 ASD-affected siblings, 1 ASD-affected father, and 1 ASD-affected grandfather) from AGRE (n=730), the AGRE; Autism Treatment Network cohort (n=192) ,the ASD: Genomes to Outcomes Study cohort (n=1421), the Baby Siblings Research Consortium (n=43), the Baby Siblings Research Consortium; The Autism Simplex Collection cohort (n=6), the Infant Sibling Study (n=62), th
 2626
 ASD diagnosis of research quality when meeting criteria on one (n=437) or both (n=1361) of the diagnostic measures ADI-R and ADOS; clinical diagnosis of ASD (n=819) when given by expert clinician according to DSM-IV or DSM-5
 N/A
 78.71% Male
 2043999
 0
 2
 2
 zarrei_19_ASD/ADHD/OCD/SCZ_discovery_cases
  NA NA
 Samples with neurodevelopmental disorders (NDDs) mostly from the province of Ontario, Canada
 2691
 1,838 cases diagnosed with ASD, 427 with ADHD, 204 with schizophrenia, and 222 with OCD
 
 76.37% Male
 2049392
 0
 1
 1

Controls

Cohort ID
Author, Year
Descripton
Cohort Size
Diagnosis
Age
Gender
CNV Size
Deletion
Duplication
Total CNV's
 guo_17_ASD_discovery_controls
 Control subjects screened for rare, large (>1 Mb) CNVs
 988
 No history of ASD or any other psychiatric diseases; no family history of psychiatric, neurological or autoimmune diseases
 Mean, 34.3 years
 N/A
 0
 0
 0
 0
 handrigan_13_ASD/DD/ID_discovery_controls
 Microarray data from population-based control individuals [4783 controls from the Wellcome Trust Case Control Consortium (WTCCC), 1123 PopGen controls from Germany, 1234 controls from the Ottawa Heart Institute, 1056 controls from HapMap, 1287 controls from SAGE, 1120 population controls from Ontario, and 416 controsl from the Ontario Population Genomics Platform]
 11019
 Control
 NA
 NA
 NA
 NA
 NA
 NA
 kaminsky_11_DD/ID/ASD_discovery_controls
 Controls from the International Standards for Cytogenomic Arrays (ISCA) consortium
 10118
 Controls
 NA
 NA
 NA
 NA
 NA
 NA
 poultney_13_ASD_discovery_controls
 Controls matched for European ancestry from NIMH and CEPH retained after filtering (original cohort size of 379 controls)
 260
 Control
 N/A
 47.49% Male (before filtering)
 0
 0
 0
 0
 sanders_11_ASD_discovery_controls
 Matched siblings of autistic probands from the Simons Simplex Collection (SSC).
 872
 Controls
 Mean, 10.0 yrs.
 
 72971
 1
 0
 1
 stamouli_18_ASD/NDD_discovery_controls
  NA NA
 Unaffected individuals from 100 twin pairs (69 monozygotic, 31 dizygotic), corresponding to 97 families, that were enriched for neurodevelopmental disorders from the Roots of Autism and ADHD Study in Sweden (RATSS)
 100 twin pairs
 Control (unaffected) individual following evaluation using standard diagnostic tools [a psychosocial and anamnestic interview, the Autism Diagnosis Interview-Revised (ADI-R), the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule Second Edition (ADOS-2), the Kiddie Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia (K-SADS), or the Diagnostic Interview for ADHD in Adults (DIVA)]; Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children or Adults, Fourth Edition (WISC-IV) or the Leiter-revised scales in combination with the Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test, Third Edition, and the parent-based Adaptive Behavior Assessment Scale, 2nd Edition (ABAS-2) were also used to evaluate adaptive, cognitive, and verbal abilities and
 N/A
 N/A
 150047
 2
 0
 2
 yin_16_ASD_discovery_controls
 Individuals from the Han Chinese Cell and Genome Bank (HCCGB) in Taiwan
 1093
 Controls
 Mean, 68.07 10.12 yrs.
 48.0% Male
 106640
 0
 0
 0

Cases

Cohort ID
Geographical Ancestry
Discovery Method
Platform
Algorithm
Software
Validation Method
 feliciano_19_ASD_discovery_cases
  N/A
 WES
  Illumina HumanCoreExome 550K
 
 CoNIFER, XHMM
 None
 guo_12_ASD_discovery_cases
  Han Chinese
 Solid phase hybridization
  Illumina HumanCNV370-Quad BeadChip
 PennCNV
 
 FISH
 guo_17_ASD_discovery_cases
  Chinese Han
 Solid phase hybridization
  Illumina 370K or 660K BeadChip
 PennCNV
 
 qPCR
 handrigan_13_ASD/DD/ID_discovery_cases
  NA
 aCGH, solid phase hybridization
  Illumina Omni 2.5M-Quad BeadChip, SignatureChipOS V1.0 105K, V2.0 135K, V3.0 135K, BACs aCGH, Agilent 4x180K ISCA V2, Agilent ISCA 44K, Agilent 180K
 
 
 None
 kaminsky_11_DD/ID/ASD_discovery_cases
  NA
 aCGH
  Agilent 44K, Agilent 105K
 
 Feature Extraction, DNA Analytics
 FISH, qPCR, MLPA, aCGH, standard G-banded chromosome analysis
 leppa_16_ASD_discovery_cases
  N/A
 Solid phase hybridization
  Illumina 550v1 and 550v3, Omni-1.0-B and -H, Omni 2.5
 PennCNV, QuantiSNP, GNOSIS
 GenomeStudio, CNVision
 None
 poultney_13_ASD_discovery_cases
  European
 WES
  Agilent SureSelect Human All Exon v.2
 XHMM
 
 None
 sansovic_17_DD/ID/ASD_discovery_cases
  Croatia
 aCGH
  Agilent SurePrint G3 Unrestricted CGH ISCA v2
 
 Agilent Feature Extraction (v12.0), Agilent CytoGenomics (v3.0 and v4.0)
 None
 yin_16_ASD_discovery_cases
  Han Chinese
 Array SNP
  Affymetrix 6.0
 
 Affymetrix Genotyping Console v.4.1
 None
 yuen_17_ASD_discovery_cases
  N/A
 WGS
  Complete Genomics, Illumina HiSeq 2000, HiSeq X
 
 
 aCGH (Agilent 1M), array SNP (Affymetrix 6.0, Affymetrix CytoScan HD), solid phase hybridization (Illumina 1M, Illumina OMNI 2.5M)
 zarrei_19_ASD/ADHD/OCD/SCZ_discovery_cases
  74.1% European
 Array SNP
  Affymetrix CytoScan HD
 
 Affymetrix ChAS, iPattern, BioDiscovery Nexus, Partek Genomics Suite
 RT-qPCR or WGS

Controls

Cohort ID
Geographical Ancestry
Discovery Method
Platform
Algorithm
Software
Validation Method
  guo_17_ASD_discovery_controls
  Chinese Han
  Solid phase hybridization
  Illumina 610K BeadChip
  PennCNV
 
 
  handrigan_13_ASD/DD/ID_discovery_controls
  NA
  N/A
  N/A
 
 
 
  kaminsky_11_DD/ID/ASD_discovery_controls
  NA
  aCGH
  Agilent 44K, Agilent 105K
 
  Feature Extraction, DNA Analytics
 
  poultney_13_ASD_discovery_controls
  European
  WES
  Agilent SureSelect Human All Exon v.2
  XHMM
 
 
  sanders_11_ASD_discovery_controls
 
  Solid phase hybridization
  Illumina 1M v1 or Illumina 1M v3
  PennCNV, QuantiSNP, GNOSIS
 
 
  stamouli_18_ASD/NDD_discovery_controls
  Swedish
  Solid phase hybridization
  Illumina Infinium PsychArray-24 v1.1
  PennCNV, QuantiSNP, iPattern, iPsychCNV
 
  None
  yin_16_ASD_discovery_controls
  Han Chinese
  Array SNP
  Affymetrix 6.0
 
  Affymetrix Genotyping Console v.4.1
  None

Cases

Patient ID
Author, Year
Age
Gender
Primary Diagnosis
Clinical Profile
Cognitive Profile
CNV Start
CNV End
CNV Size
Genome Build
Type Method
Validation
  feliciano_19_ASD_discovery_cases-caseSP0012174
 N/A
 M
 ASD
 Family history: mother presents with anxiety and depression.
 
 1220686
 2900822
  1680137
 GRCh38
 Duplication
 No
  guo_12_ASD_discovery_cases-case2
 6 yrs.
 M
 Autism
 Total Autism Behaviour Checklist score of 116. Birth/neonatal history: born full-term following C-section. Developmental milestones: speech delay and repetitive behaviors noted by parents at 21 months of age; raising head at 11 months, turning over at 13 months, sitting alone at 18 months, creeping at 20 months, standing alone at 24 months, walking alone at 27 months, jogging at 38 months, jumping at 48 months; laughing at 24 months, starting to learn language at 26 months, speaking first single word at 36 months, speaking first phrase at 40 months, speaking first sentence at 48 months; eye contact with relatives at 24 months, following moving objects with eyes at 28 months, waving hand goodbye at 38 months, plaing simple games with adults at 40 months, control of faeces and urine at 48 months. Behavioral/psychiatric evaluation: resistance to changes in environment and display of strong emotions in response to changing circumstances; lack of sense of danger; insensitivity to pain; self-injurious behavior (self-biting); lack of attention to surrounding objects or people; inability to socialize with peers; lack of compliance to relative's requests; inability to execute simple instructions or play party games. Family history: only child of healthy, unrelated parents with no family history of autism.
 
 2593360
 4995950
  2402591
 GRCh38
 Duplication
 Yes
  guo_17_ASD_discovery_cases-caseM10120
 N/A
 N/A
 ASD
 Diagnosis of ASD based on DSM-IV-TR criteria; no other clinical information available
 
 2593360
 4995950
  2402591
 GRCh38
 Duplication
 Yes
  handrigan_13_ASD/DD/ID_discovery_cases-patient33
 4 yrs.
 F
 Intellectual disability
 Neurodevelopmental abnormalities: intellectual disability. Urological abnormalities: none reported. Other features: none reported. Growth parameters: not reported.
 
 2605938
 3535312
  929375
 GRCh38
 Duplication
 No
  kaminsky_11_DD/ID/ASD_discovery_cases-ISCA00001714
 NA
 NA
 Developmental delay/intellectual disability/ASD
 Clinical profile NA
 Cognitive profile NA
 3195997
 3503302
  307306
 GRCh38
 Deletion
 Yes
  kaminsky_11_DD/ID/ASD_discovery_cases-ISCA00002091
 NA
 NA
 Developmental delay/intellectual disability/ASD
 Clinical profile NA
 Cognitive profile NA
 63843
 4708786
  4644944
 GRCh38
 Deletion
 Yes
  kaminsky_11_DD/ID/ASD_discovery_cases-ISCA00002243
 NA
 NA
 Developmental delay/intellectual disability/ASD
 Clinical profile NA
 Cognitive profile NA
 2577647
 3615783
  1038137
 GRCh38
 Duplication
 Yes
  kaminsky_11_DD/ID/ASD_discovery_cases-ISCA00004150
 NA
 NA
 Developmental delay/intellectual disability/ASD
 Clinical profile NA
 Cognitive profile NA
 2045327
 3500081
  1454755
 GRCh38
 Duplication
 Yes
  leppa_16_ASD_discovery_cases-AU066004
 N/A
 M
 ASD
 
 
 2170316
 2854316
  684001
 GRCh38
 Deletion
 No
  leppa_16_ASD_discovery_cases-AU1070302
 N/A
 M
 ASD
 
 
 1988316
 2918316
  930001
 GRCh38
 Duplication
 No
  poultney_13_ASD_discovery_cases-caseHI4457
 N/A
 M
 ASD
 ASD case from AGRE (AGRE ID AU1070302; NDAR ID NDAR_INVRN376JE5)
 
 2571502
 2903007
  331506
 GRCh38
 Duplication
 No
  sansovic_17_DD/ID/ASD_discovery_cases-case94
 2 yrs.
 M
 Developmental delay/intellectual disability
 Developmental delay/intellectual disability
 
 2267324
 2773679
  506356
 GRCh38
 Duplication
 No
  yin_16_ASD_discovery_cases-case93
 N/A
 N/A
 ASD
 Cases diagnosed with autistic disorder according to DSM-IV and confirmed by using the Chinese version of ADI-R.
 
 2731887
 2838526
  106640
 GRCh38
 Duplication
 No
  yuen_17_ASD_discovery_cases-case1-0469-003
 N/A
 N/A
 ASD
 Case cohort: ASD: Genomes to Outcome Study. Clinical description: N/A
 
 2372316
 2940316
  568001
 GRCh38
 Duplication
 Yes
  yuen_17_ASD_discovery_cases-case1-0902-003
 N/A
 N/A
 ASD
 Case cohort: ASD: Genomes to Outcome Study. Clinical description: anxiety, obesity
 
 857318
 2901316
  2043999
 GRCh38
 Duplication
 Yes
  zarrei_19_ASD/ADHD/OCD/SCZ_discovery_cases-case1-0902-003
  NA NA
 N/A
 M
 ASD
 Primary diagnosis: ASD. Additional phenotype(s): no additional phenotypes reported
 
 853578
 2902968
  2049391
 GRCh38
 Duplication
 Yes

Controls

Patient ID
Author, Year
Age
Gender
Primary Diagnosis
Clinical Profile
Cognitive Profile
CNV Start
CNV End
CNV Size
Genome Build
Type Method
Validation
  sanders_11_ASD_discovery_controls-11691.s1
  16.3
  M
  Control (matched sibling)
  NA
  NA
  3415368
  3488339
  72972
  GRCh38
  Deletion
  No
  stamouli_18_ASD/NDD_discovery_controls-family17_Twin_1
  N/A
  N/A
  Control
  Control is from a monozygotic twin pair from the Concordant typically developed (TD) diagnostic subgroup
 
  2611574
  2761620
  150047
  GRCh38
  Deletion
  No
  stamouli_18_ASD/NDD_discovery_controls-family17_Twin_2
  N/A
  N/A
  Control
  Control is from a monozygotic twin pair from the Concordant typically developed (TD) diagnostic subgroup
 
  2611574
  2761620
  150047
  GRCh38
  Deletion
  No

Cases

Patient ID
Validation Description
Primary Disorder Inheritence
Inheritence
Family Profile
Disease Segregation
Gene Content
Altered Gene Expression
 feliciano_19_ASD_discovery_cases-caseSP0012174
 
 
 Maternal
 
 
 CRB3P1,RPL23AP38,RPL23AP39,RPL21P17,RN7SKP144,HINT2P1,CNTN4-AS2,CNTN6,CNTN4
 null
 guo_12_ASD_discovery_cases-case2
 FISH
 
 Unknown
 Simplex
 Unknown
 DNAJC19P4,PNPT1P1,MRPS10P2,ITPR1-DT,CNTN4-AS1,IL5RA,SETMAR,EGOT,BHLHE40-AS1,CNTN4,LRRN1,ITPR1,BHLHE40,TRNT1,CRBN,SUMF1
 
 guo_17_ASD_discovery_cases-caseM10120
 qPCR
 
 Unknown
 
 
 DNAJC19P4,PNPT1P1,MRPS10P2,ITPR1-DT,CNTN4-AS1,IL5RA,SETMAR,EGOT,BHLHE40-AS1,CNTN4,LRRN1,ITPR1,BHLHE40,TRNT1,CRBN,SUMF1
 
 handrigan_13_ASD/DD/ID_discovery_cases-patient33
 
 
 Unknown
 Unknown
 Unknown
 DNAJC19P4,CNTN4-AS1,IL5RA,CNTN4,TRNT1,CRBN
 
 kaminsky_11_DD/ID/ASD_discovery_cases-ISCA00001714
 FISH, qPCR, MLPA, aCGH, or standard G-banded chromosome analysis
 
 De novo
 Unknown
 Unknown
 
 
 kaminsky_11_DD/ID/ASD_discovery_cases-ISCA00002091
 FISH, qPCR, MLPA, aCGH, or standard G-banded chromosome analysis
 
 Paternal
 Unknown
 Unknown
 RNU6-1194P,RPS8P6,RPSAP32,RN7SL120P,CRB3P1,RPL23AP38,RPL23AP39,RPL21P17,RN7SKP144,HINT2P1,DNAJC19P4,PNPT1P1,MRPS10P2,ITPR1-DT,CHL1-AS2,CHL1-AS1,CNTN4-AS2,CNTN4-AS1,IL5RA,SETMAR,CHL1,LINC01266,CNTN6,CNTN4,LRRN1,ITPR1,TRNT1,CRBN,SUMF1
 
 kaminsky_11_DD/ID/ASD_discovery_cases-ISCA00002243
 FISH, qPCR, MLPA, aCGH, or standard G-banded chromosome analysis
 
 Maternal
 Unknown
 Unknown
 DNAJC19P4,CNTN4-AS1,IL5RA,CNTN4,TRNT1,CRBN
 
 kaminsky_11_DD/ID/ASD_discovery_cases-ISCA00004150
 FISH, qPCR, MLPA, aCGH, or standard G-banded chromosome analysis
 
 Paternal
 Unknown
 Unknown
 RN7SKP144,HINT2P1,DNAJC19P4,CNTN4-AS2,CNTN4-AS1,IL5RA,CNTN4,TRNT1,CRBN
 
 leppa_16_ASD_discovery_cases-AU066004
 
 
 Paternal
 Multiplex
 Not segregated (CNV not reported in affected sibling)
 HINT2P1,CNTN4
 
 leppa_16_ASD_discovery_cases-AU1070302
 
 
 Paternal
 Multiplex
 Not segregated (CNV not reported in affected sibling)
 RN7SKP144,HINT2P1,CNTN4-AS2,CNTN4
 
 poultney_13_ASD_discovery_cases-caseHI4457
 
 
 Unknown
 Unknown (likely multiplex/AGRE)
 Unknown
 CNTN4
 
 sansovic_17_DD/ID/ASD_discovery_cases-case94
 
 
 Unknown
 
 
 HINT2P1,CNTN4
 
 yin_16_ASD_discovery_cases-case93
 
 
 Unknown
 Unknown
 Unknown
 CNTN4
 
 yuen_17_ASD_discovery_cases-case1-0469-003
 Affymetrix 6.0
 
 Paternal
 Multiplex
 Not segregated
 CNTN4
 
 yuen_17_ASD_discovery_cases-case1-0902-003
 Affymetrix CytoScan HD
 
 Unknown
 Simplex
 Unknown
 RN7SL120P,CRB3P1,RPL23AP38,RPL23AP39,RPL21P17,RN7SKP144,HINT2P1,CNTN4-AS2,CNTN6,CNTN4
 
 zarrei_19_ASD/ADHD/OCD/SCZ_discovery_cases-case1-0902-003
 RT-qPCR or WGS
 
 Unknown
 
 
 RN7SL120P,CRB3P1,RPL23AP38,RPL23AP39,RPL21P17,RN7SKP144,HINT2P1,CNTN4-AS2,CNTN6,CNTN4
 null

Controls

Patient ID
Validation Description
Primary Disorder Inheritence
Inheritence
Family Profile
Disease Segregation
Gene Content
Altered Gene Expression
sanders_11_ASD_discovery_controls-11691.s1
 
 
  Maternal
  Simplex (quad)
  NA
 
 
stamouli_18_ASD/NDD_discovery_controls-family17_Twin_1
 
 
  Unknown
  N/A (both twins typically developing)
 
  CNTN4
 
stamouli_18_ASD/NDD_discovery_controls-family17_Twin_2
 
 
  Unknown
  N/A (both twins typically developing)
 
  CNTN4
 

No Animal Model Data Available
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